Cape Town vs Johannesburg: A Tale of Two South African Cities for Travelers

South Africa dazzles visitors with its natural beauty, vibrant culture, and complex history. The two cities at the heart of any South African travel experience are Cape Town and Johannesburg. For travelers planning a South African trip, should you choose Cape Town or Johannesburg? Or try to fit both into your itinerary?

These famous cities showcase the incredible diversity of landscapes, people, and attractions that South Africa offers. One focuses on breathtaking scenery and outdoor adventure. The other provides a gateway into understanding modern African urban life.

Having visited and stayed in both cities, I’m able to offer my insight and travel tips for experiencing both. Read on as we explore how these two phenomenal destinations complement each other perfectly.

Table of Contents

sandton johannesburg
view from top of table mountain

Cape Town vs Johannesburg – Which is Best?

Cape Town and Johannesburg make a perfect pair for a South Africa trip. Cape Town provides natural spectacle and adventure combined with great food, wine, and cultural attractions. Johannesburg opens up the real urban heart of modern South Africa.

The two cities complement each other beautifully. Nature lovers will likely gravitate more to Cape Town, while urban explorers will favor Johannesburg. Both offer uniqueness, so try and visit each on any South African travel itinerary.

Some key advantages of each destination at a glance:

Cape Town

  • Jaw-dropping mountain and ocean scenery
  • World-class hiking, beaches, surfing and outdoor activities
  • Excellent dining and laid-back nightlife
  • Stunning nearby vineyards and Cape Peninsula


  • Authentic insight into African metropolis life
  • Vibrant food, markets, malls and nightlife
  • Must-see township tours
  • Museums exploring South African history and culture

Either city provides a phenomenal travel experience in its own right. Combining both on a trip lets you appreciate the full diversity of what South Africa offers. You’ll come away enthralled, having experienced the best of African urban energy and iconic natural landscapes.

Below, we’ll get into the best things to do in Cape Town and Johannesburg as you begin to plan your trip.

Muizenberg Beach cape town

Cape Town – Scenery and Outdoor Action

Cape Town’s jaw-dropping setting makes it one of the most photogenic cities on earth. Nestled on the slopes of Table Mountain and flanked by the ocean, it provides a backdrop like no other. It’s proximity to so many different attractions means there’s plenty of great day trips from Cape Town as well.

Outdoor enthusiasts will be in paradise enjoying the hiking, surfing, diving, sailing, and countless other pursuits on offer with that epic mountain and seascape on the doorstep.

But Cape Town also impresses with top-class dining, nightlife, museums and vineyards set amid the spectacle. The only challenge is fitting everything in between beach, brunch, and mountain excursions!

Taking in the Views

No Cape Town bucket list is complete without ascending Table Mountain for panoramic city and ocean views. Take the rotating cable car up to the summit, then hike back down a walking trail as the sun sets.

Nearby Lion’s Head and Signal Hill also offer sweeping vistas and fun but challenging climbs for adventurers. Or keep your feet on the ground and stroll the Sea Point Promenade at sunset with a cocktail in hand.

Hitting the Beach

Cape Town boasts some of Africa’s best city beaches. Soaking up the sun and surf scene at Camps Bay or Clifton is a must. Try your luck catching a wave or just relax on soft white sands with a picnic.

For amazing birdlife and deserted dunes, head south to Muizenberg, Fish Hoek or Noordhoek. Surfing is excellent, but shark warnings do apply, so stick to patrolled areas.

Tasting Local Wines

The vineyards of Stellenbosch, Franschhoek, and Constantia offer world-class wines and refined tasting experiences. Dozens of estates provide everything from wine safaris to chocolate pairings with stunning mountain backdrops.

After Dark Action

When the sun goes down, bustling Long Street and its surroundings come alive. Join backpackers and locals alike as iconic bars like Beerhouse pump until the early hours. For a more refined evening, try live jazz at Asoka or dinner and dancing at Cape Quarter.

Don’t Miss Destinations

Beyond the city, a Cape Town trip demands time set aside for the Cape Peninsula. Drive Chapman’s Peak Drive to the Cape of Good Hope for incredible coastal scenery. See African penguins at Boulders Beach.

Make a beeline for Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens on the eastern slopes of Table Mountain. The indigenous plants and trees here are some of the globe’s most diverse and dazzling.

Since there’s so much to see and do in this city, this complete guide of Cape Town things to do provides a list of all the best sights and activities for visitors.

mural in johannesburg
Image by Billy of BRB Gone Somewhere Epic

Johannesburg – Urban Heart of New Africa

While Cape Town woos visitors with beauty, Johannesburg provides the grittier, more authentic African urban experience. South Africa’s largest city also offers plenty for travelers in a multicultural melting pot.

Township Tours

No Johannesburg visit is complete without getting insight into life inside a township. Go on a guided tour for a safe, eye-opening experience. Soweto and Alexandra townships should be high on any itinerary.

A City of Museums

Jo’burg’s Apartheid Museum provides an excellent introduction to South Africa’s turbulent 20th century history. The unmissable Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum honors the 1976 Soweto uprising.

For art lovers, the Wits Art Museum boasts incredible collections of African art and cultural artifacts. And Maropeng, the official visitor center for the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, explores human origins.

Markets and Malls

South Africa’s biggest city offers plenty of shopping. For curio stalls, live music and street food, the Rosebank Rooftop Market runs Sundays. The Neighbourgoods Market in Braamfontein provides quality local produce and artisanal goods on Saturdays.

Modderfontein Road in Sandton hosts over 300 stores including luxury brands. Or spend a day browsing African art and fashions at Rosebank Mall.

Johannesburg Nightlife

When night falls, memorable nights unfold in Jo’burg. Visit Vilakazi Street in Soweto, where legend Nelson Mandela once lived, for lively local bars with live music.

Melville has an artsy village feel thanks to cafes, restaurants and galleries lining the main street. Hit Maboneng in the east for family-friendly markets by day transforming into the coolest clubs and eateries after dark.

dinner in johannesburg
cape town v&a waterfront

Don’t Miss Destinations

Make time for the Apartheid Museum and Constitution Hill precinct to understand how far South Africa has come. The Lesedi Cultural Village provides a snapshot of traditional Zulu, Xhosa, Pedi and Basotho lifestyles.

History buffs shouldn’t miss the Cradle of Humankind or Maropeng Visitor Centre to get insight into where we all come from. And the Lion Park lets you see Africa’s iconic big cats up close.

Like Cape Town, Johannesburg packs so many exciting and must-do activities for every visitor, I recommend checking out this Top things to do in Joburg guide for a more comprehensive list.

Travel Tips for South Africa’s Cape Town and Johannesburg

Planning a trip to Cape Town and Johannesburg? Here are some top travel tips to make your South African adventure easy and enjoyable:

    • RENT a GPS – Renting a car with built-in GPS or renting a separate GPS device makes self-driving easier. Just remember to drive on the left!
    • Stay in city centers – Look for downtown accommodation in both cities to minimize travel times to attractions.
    • Pack for variety – Bring clothing for warm days and cool nights. Both cities can have extreme temperature shifts.
    • Use Uber – Uber is popular and affordable for getting around, along with buses and trains. Just beware surge pricing during rush hour.
    • Watch valuables – Petty theft is common. Don’t flash expensive cameras and jewelry and leave nothing visible in your car.
    • Buy a local SIM card – Purchasing a local SIM card gives affordable data access for Google Maps navigation.
    • Learn some Zulu or Xhosa – Knowing a few local phrases opens doors to amazing interactions with welcoming locals.
    • Try traditional food – Cape Malay curries, Bunny Chow, boerewors, and braai are flavors not to miss. The food blends local ingredients with global influences.
    • Pack proper plug adapters – South African outlets use a unique three-pronged plug system, so adapters are essential for charging devices.

With the right knowledge and precautions, South Africa offers a safe, hugely rewarding travel experience. Have the trip of a lifetime exploring the phenomenal diversity of Cape Town and Johannesburg!

Billy standing on table mountain cape town

Image by Billy of BRB Gone Somewhere Epic

Planning Your South African Trip

Both Cape Town and Johannesburg have excellent connections so you can easily fly into one city and out from the other. Johannesburg International Airport is Africa’s busiest hub, while Cape Town International provides extensive global and domestic connections.

South Africa’s best-known safari reserves and game parks are found inland from the major coastal cities. So many visitors like to start out at Cape Town, travel up along the Garden Route, and then across to Johannesburg before embarking on safaris.

Domestic flights, buses and trains make crisscrossing straightforward. Renting a car is also popular for those who want maximum travel flexibility. Just remember to drive on the left!

South Africa is a large country, so be selective when planning an itinerary. Cape Town, the Garden Route, Johannesburg, and Kruger National Park would make an excellent 2-3 week trip. Trying to fit in too much will mean you rush each destination.

The ideal time to visit South Africa stretches from September to April during the Southern Hemisphere spring and summer. The Cape region can be rainy from May to August. Johannesburg enjoys a mild climate year-round.

English is widely spoken in both Cape Town and Johannesburg, making getting around easy. But learning a few phrases of local languages like Xhosa, Zulu or Afrikaans will earn you smiles and respect.

South Africa offers incredible diversity – seascapes, mountains, vineyards, safaris, cities, nature and culture. Cape Town and Johannesburg showcase the best of this amazing country. Visit them both, and you’ll take home memories to last a lifetime!

vintage car johannesburg
Photo by Ndumiso Silindza on Unsplash

Cape Town vs Johannesburg FAQs

Is Cape Town or Johannesburg better?

Cape Town is better for scenery, beaches, and outdoor activities with its spectacular mountain and ocean setting. Johannesburg is better for an authentic African city experience and economic opportunities. Both have unique advantages.

Is Cape Town safe for tourists?

Cape Town is generally safe for tourists who stick to the main tourist areas and take basic precautions against petty theft. Avoid deserted areas and dangerous townships.

Is Johannesburg dangerous?

Johannesburg’s crime rates have improved, but petty theft still occurs. Stick to advised areas, avoid downtown at night, and take precautions as in any big city. Serious crime mainly affects residents of poorer areas.

What is there to do in Johannesburg?

Top Johannesburg activities include apartheid and history museums, township tours, art galleries, curio markets, malls, and lively restaurants and nightlife.

What should you not do in Cape Town?

Avoid isolated areas and dangerous townships. Don’t leave valuables visible in your rental car. Be careful of strong currents when swimming at beaches.

Is Cape Town expensive?

Cape Town is relatively expensive due to high demand and limited space. However, budget accommodation and dining options do exist. Johannesburg is more affordable overall.

How many days do you need in Cape Town?

Four full days is ideal to see the main Cape Town attractions like Table Mountain, Cape Point, Kirstenbosch Gardens, the Waterfront, and Cape Winelands. Stay longer if you want a more relaxed pace.

billy on Muizenberg Beach

Written by Billy of BRB Gone Somewhere Epic

Billy is a deaf travel blogger from Birmingham, UK. Through his blog BRB Gone Somewhere Epic, Billy dismantles the myth that travel is too expensive, and that you can still enjoy hidden gems even in the most popular tourist destinations.

Discover the best of South Africa with this travel guide comparing Cape Town vs Johannesburg. Find out which city is perfect for you!
Discover the best of South Africa with this travel guide comparing Cape Town vs Johannesburg. Find out which city is perfect for you!

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